On the stress relaxation mechanism of GaN thin films grown on Si(111) substrates
Gallium nitride (GaN) thin films grown on Si(111) substrates via plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy were investigated. The morphology of GaN films was studied by scanning electron microscopy. It was found that GaN films at nanoscale contain a large amount of cavities. The Raman measurements of GaN/Si(111) system were performed and showed that the position of the GaN E2 (TO) band is close to that of unstrained GaN. We proposed a stress relaxation mechanism to explain the low stress state of GaN films.
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